Editorial by AAA of Western and Central New York
24 percent of weather-related crashes occur on snowy, slushy or icy roads. AAA Western and Central New York wants to prepare drivers with winter driving tips to keep everyone safe on the road during this storm. The top three winter driving tips include slowing down, increasing the space between yourself and other vehicles, and braking, then turning.
Additional important notes: Stay with your car and remain calm, should you find yourself in an emergency situation. If you are in an emergency situation, call 911. If you get stranded in your car, keep your tailpipe clear of snow to ensure proper ventilation - and keep your window cracked open a bit until help arrives.
Tips for driving in the snow:
•Accelerate and decelerate slowly. Applying the gas slowly to accelerate is the best method for regaining traction and avoiding skids. Don't try to get moving in a hurry. Remember: It takes longer to slow down on icy roads.
•Increase following distances. The normal dry pavement following distance of three to four seconds should be increased to eight to 10 seconds. This increased margin of safety will provide the longer distance needed if you have to stop.
•Know your brakes. Whether you have antilock brakes or not, the best way to stop is threshold braking. Keep the heel of your foot on the floor and use the ball of your foot to apply firm, steady pressure on the brake pedal.
•Don't stop if you can avoid it. There's a big difference in the amount of inertia it takes to start moving from a full stop versus how much it takes to get moving while still rolling. If you can slow down enough to keep rolling until a traffic light changes, do it.
•Don't power up hills. Applying extra gas on snow-covered roads may only result in spinning your wheels. Try to get a little inertia going before you reach the hill and let that inertia carry you to the top. As you reach the crest of the hill, reduce your speed and proceed downhill as slowly as possible.
•Don't stop going up a hill. It's difficult to move up a hill on an icy road. If possible, get your vehicle moving on a flat roadway first before taking on a hill.
•If possible, stay home. If you really don't have to go out, don't. Even if you can drive well in the snow, not everyone else can.
Winter Driving: What Not to Do
•Don't continue at the same speed you would be traveling in clear, dry conditions
•Do not brake and turn at the same time or be rough with your steering/braking
•Don't follow behind other vehicles as closely as you would when driving in clear, dry conditions
What to Do if You Get Stuck
•Clear a path in front of your wheels for several feet by driving forward and backward or shoveling.
•With your wheels pointed straight to minimize rolling resistance, shift to "drive" (or second gear for manual transmissions) and apply gentle pressure to the accelerator, without spinning the wheels. If you let the wheels spin, you will only dig deeper into the snow.
•If you need more traction, use traction mats, kitty litter, or one of the abrasive materials that you included in your emergency winter driving kit. Do not let anyone stand directly ahead or behind the drive wheels.
•If you are still stuck, rock your vehicle out of the rut by applying the accelerator slowly in low gear, releasing when you stop moving forward, and re-applying when you stop rolling backward. Repeat in rapid succession using minimum power to avoid spinning wheels.
•Try to avoid driving when visibility is poor. If you must drive, keep your speed low, use your low-beam headlights, and pull off to a safe spot if conditions worsen.
As upstate New York's largest member services organization, AAA provides nearly 860,000 members with travel, insurance, financial and automotive-related services. Since its founding in 1900, AAA has been a leading advocate for the safety and security of all travelers. Visit AAA at www.AAA.com.