"With less than a month before the end of the tax year, you may want to set aside a moment during the busy holiday season to consider some quick IRS tips that may give you the gift of time and money saved next year," IRS New York spokeswoman Dianne Besunder said.
With the current tax year "winding down," the Internal Revenue Service is encouraging taxpayers to gather and organize their tax records now to reduce stress at tax time. As your tax documents (W-2s, 1099s, etc.) arrive, file them together so you won't have to search when you begin to file your tax return. You should keep any and all documents that many have an impact on your tax return. Generally, tax records should be kept for three years, but some documents, for example, records relating to a home purchase or sale, stock transactions, IRAs, rental property or a business, should be kept longer. For more information see IRS Publication 552, Record-keeping for Individuals.
If you were married or divorced in 2010, make sure you report any name change to the Social Security Administration before you file your tax return. If your name doesn't match your Social Security number, your refund can be delayed. To get more information about updating your name change visit the SSA website at www.socialsecurity.gov or call 800-772-1213. And, report any address change to the Postal Service, your employer and the IRS to make sure you get tax-related items.
Tax incentives are still available for making energy efficient improvements to your home. You may be able to claim a "non-business energy property credit" of 30 percent of the cost of certain energy-efficient property or improvements you placed in service in 2010. This property can include high-efficiency heat pumps, air conditioners, and water heaters. It also may include energy-efficient windows, doors, insulation materials, and certain roofs. The credit has been expanded to include certain asphalt roofs and stoves that burn biomass fuel. The total amount of credit you can claim in 2009 and 2010 is $1,500.
The American Opportunity Credit, a modification of the Hope Credit has been expanded for 2009 and 2010 and is available to a broader range of taxpayers, including many with higher incomes and those who owe no tax. It also adds required course materials to the list of qualifying expenses and allows the credit to be claimed for four post-secondary education years instead of two. Many of those eligible will qualify for the maximum annual credit of $2,500 per student.
The Affordable Care Act raises the maximum adoption credit to $13,170 per child. It also makes the credit refundable, meaning that eligible taxpayers can get it even if they owe no tax for that year. The credit is based on the reasonable and necessary expenses related to a legal adoption, including adoption fees, court costs, attorney's fees and travel expenses. Income limits and other special rules apply. Taxpayers can claim the credit by filling out Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses and must include one or more adoption-related documents.
Are you maximizing your contributions to your retirement accounts? This year, you can contribute up to $5,000 in an IRA, as well as another $16,500 to a 401(k) employee plan. If you're 50 or older, those numbers go up to $6,000 and $22,000, respectively.
To deduct any charitable donation of money, a taxpayer must have a bank record or a written communication from the qualifying charity showing the name of the charity and the date and amount of the contribution. A bank record includes canceled checks, bank or credit union statements and credit card statements.
Are you wondering if you might benefit from the Earned Income Tax Credit, which is available to low and moderate-income workers? Use the EITC Assistant on the IRS website which helps determine eligibility for the credit. The program will also assist you in determining your correct filing status, determining whether your child meets the tests for a qualifying child, and estimating the amount of credit that you may receive.
Taxpayers who earn less than $48,362 in 2010 may be eligible for a refundable tax credit of up to about $5,680.
E-file is the safe, accurate way for taxpayers to quickly complete their taxes and make certain to take advantage of credits and deductions that may apply. Not only that, but taxpayers can get a refund in as few as 10 days by choosing direct deposit.
"Last year 71 percent of New York's more than 8.8 million tax filers used e-file. Using e-file is easy. You can e-file through your tax preparer, through commercial tax preparation software or through Free File, the free tax preparation and e-filing service available exclusively through the IRS website," Besunder said.
The one and only official source for IRS information is http://www.irs.gov. Don't be fooled by scam artists who attempt to create look-a-likes.
The IRS does not send out unsolicited e-mail messages. E-mail messages claiming to be from the IRS are probably phishing scams. Recipients of such e-mails are urged not to open attachments, click on links, reply with personal information, or complete any other activity that could compromise their computer's security and lead to identity theft or worse.
"Remember, if the IRS needs to contact you, we'll probably do it the good, old-fashioned way by sending you a letter via the U.S. Postal Service. Taxpayers have the right to confirm that any correspondence they receive claiming to be from the IRS is legitimate -- just give us a call at 1-800-829-1040," Besunder said.