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Legislation S.1046-E/A.6678-E establishes ‘most expansive state level voting rights act in the country’; expands access to voting by prohibiting voter dilution, suppression, intimidation, deception, or obstruction
√ Requires jurisdictions with history of civil or voting rights violations to seek preclearance for changes to important election policies & practices
At Medgar Evers College in Brooklyn on Monday, Gov. Kathy Hochul signed the John. R. Lewis Voting Rights Act of New York (S.1046-E/A.6678-E) into law. Her team said this cements New York's place as “a national leader on voting rights, and fulfilling a key part of the governor's 2022 State of the State agenda.”
The governor signed the bill alongside New York State Senate Majority Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins, State Sen. Zellnor Myrie, Assembly member Latrice Walker, President of the NAACP New York State Conference Dr. Hazel N. Dukes, and key voting rights advocates.
"At a time when the very foundation of our democracy is under threat, New York is leading the nation with new laws protecting the fundamental right to vote," Hochul said. "Today, we honor the work of the late Congressman John Lewis and activists like Medgar Evers as we make meaningful changes to our laws that enfranchise voters and ensure the voices of the people are heard in our democracy. Where the federal government fails to act, New York will continue to step up and lead the way: We did it with abortion protections; we did it with gun safety reforms; and I'm so proud to say we are doing it again with voting rights."
Lt. Gov. Antonio Delgado said, "As a black man who represented a district in Congress that is nearly 90% white, in one of the most rural parts of the country, and as the first person of color to ever represent upstate New York in Congress, my experience is proof that voting can bring about change that once might have seemed out of reach. By amending the voter laws in New York state, we are providing all people, regardless of the color of their skin or where they live, with an equal opportunity to have their voices heard at the polls."
Stewart-Cousins said, "The John R. Lewis Voting Rights Act of New York will expand and codify voter protections, empower citizens at the ballot box, and promote accountability among elected officials. I am proud that New York is standing as a true bastion of voting rights despite the anti-democratic rollbacks being set forth by Republicans across the nation."
Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie said, "Voting rights are under attack across the nation, and New York must protect this sacred constitutional right. While other states work to disenfranchise voters and dilute votes, I want to thank the Chair of the Elections Committee Latrice Walker, our Assembly and Senate colleagues, and Gov. Hochul for their commitment to passing the strongest voting rights protections in the nation."
Legislation S.1046-E/A.6678-E will encourage participation in voting by all eligible voters by ensuring that barriers to accessing the polls are removed. In particular, members of racial, ethnic, and language-minority groups will now be protected by new measures that will ensure they have an equal opportunity to vote in the state of New York. This legislation does so by addressing:
√ Voter Dilution. Prohibits methods of election that eliminate the voting strength of a protected class and establishes legal protections for violations.
√ Voter Suppression. Prohibits election-related laws and practices from being implemented in ways that deny members of a protected class the right to vote, and establishes legal protections for violations.
√ Voter Intimidation, Deception or Obstruction. Prohibits acts of intimidation, deception or obstruction that impact the ability of New Yorkers to access their right to vote, and establishes legal protections for violations.
√ Expanded Language Assistance. Requires election-related language assistance beyond what is required by the federal Voting Rights Act.
√ Preclearance. Establishes a state analogue to the now-dormant "section 5 preclearance" of the federal Voting Rights Act, requiring covered jurisdictions to "preclear" any changes to certain important election-related laws and policies before they can implement them. Under the new law, covered jurisdictions seeking to make a change to a range of election measures will first need to have those changes reviewed to ensure they will not violate the voting rights of a protected class. Covered jurisdictions are those with a history of civil or voting rights violations.
Myrie said, "By enacting the strongest voter protection law of any state in the country, New York is sending a powerful message: Every voter counts and every vote should be counted. I'm grateful to Gov. Hochul for signing the VRA today, and to my partner Assembly member Latrice Walker for getting this bill over the finish line. We must always continue to defend and strengthen voting rights: Our democracy depends on it."
Walker said, "The John R. Lewis Voting Rights Act of New York is one of the most important bills to be signed into law in recent history, and it will deliver the strongest and most comprehensive voter protections of any state In America. It will codify the very cornerstone of our democracy – the right to vote. At the same time, we have honored the legacy of the late Rep. John R. Lewis, who once said, ‘The vote is precious. It is almost sacred. It is the most powerful nonviolent tool we have in a democracy.’ Thank you to all the tireless advocates, my colleagues, Gov. Hochul, and organizations like the NAACP and the NYCLU. As the Assembly sponsor of the bill, I could not be more proud."
Dukes said, "For too long, our communities have suffered injustices, but were unable to vote to change them because of suppression at the polls. Today, New York leads the way, yet again, to right the wrongs of our past and ensure that the voices of all can be heard.”
New York Civil Liberties Union Executive Director Donna Lieberman said, "Amidst a backdrop of nationwide attacks on voting and a lack of federal leadership, New York just enacted one of the strongest voting rights laws in the nation. Today, Gov. Hochul made an enormous stride toward ensuring communities that have historically been denied an equal opportunity to participate in the political process can cast a meaningful ballot without obstruction, interference or discrimination. As we work to implement the John R. Lewis Voting Rights Act – from challenging racial gerrymandering and voter intimidation to expanding language assistance and polling access – we must ensure its protections remain strong. Lawmakers must resist any attempt to walk back our progress, and must fight to protect the right to vote."
LatinoJustice PRLDEF Associate Counsel Fulvia Vargas-De Leon said, "Signing the John R. Lewis Voting Rights Act of New York into law places our state at the forefront of protecting communities of color from discriminatory actions that limit equal participation in our democracy. This right should not be controversial or political. Our fight for full and equitable access to the ballot is far from over, but this law gives us a strong tool to come one step closer to a democracy representative and inclusive of all voters."