FY 2023 budget book available here
Gov. Kathy Hochul on Tuesday, with Division of the Budget Director Robert F. Mujica Jr., outlined her fiscal year (FY) 2023 executive budget. Her team said the budget “maintains the governor's commitment to passing a bold agenda that by rebuilds New York's health care and teacher workforces; provides tax relief to those who need it most; speeds up economic growth and creates good-paying middle-class jobs; strengthens the state's infrastructure and confronts climate change; secures public safety and protects communities; makes housing more affordable to ensure every New Yorker has a roof over their head; and enacts bold reforms to restore trust in state government.”
Hochul said, "We have the means to immediately respond to the COVID-19 pandemic as well as embrace this once-in-a-generation opportunity for the future with a historic level of funding that is both socially responsible and fiscally prudent. As I said in my State of the State speech: It's time for a better, fairer, and more inclusive version of the American Dream. I'm calling it the ‘New York Dream.’ We will make that ‘New York Dream’ real – and ensure that it can be realized by every single New Yorker."
Mujica said, "Gov. Hochul's executive budget makes historic investments in critical areas while ensuring that we are equipped for future shocks. Never again will the state find itself unprepared for the opportunities – or challenges – ahead. After years of unprecedented hardship, this budget makes the state – from a financial perspective – as resilient as its spirit. It is the budget that New Yorkers deserve and expect."
The following information came from the governor’s office:
A Balanced Budget
Hochul's FY 2023 budget proposal reflects New York's solid financial footing. As tax revenues rebound, the budget is balanced for the entirety of the financial plan leading up to FY 2027, has no budget gaps, and holds spending growth in FY 2023 below inflation.
Rebuilding the Health Care Workforce
To restore our depleted health care workforce and build the health care system of tomorrow, Hochul will make a more-than-$10 billion, multiyear investment in health care, including more than $4 billion to support wages and bonuses for health care workers. Key components of this multi-year investment include:
√ $1.2 billion of state support for health care and mental hygiene worker retention bonuses, with up to $3,000 bonuses going to full-time workers who remain in their positions for one year, and pro-rated bonuses for those working fewer hours;
√ $500 million for cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) to help raise wages for human services workers;
√ $2.4 billion for health care capital infrastructure and improved lab capacity; and
√ Other investments in workforce and health care access and delivery.
With these investments, Hochul proposes to rebuild and grow the health care workforce by 20% over the next five years with a program designed to strengthen home care, improve the career pipeline, expand access to health care training and education, and recruit health care and direct support professionals to care for people in underserved areas.
Strengthening the Teacher Workforce
•School aid: The FY 2023 executive budget provides $31.3 billion in total school aid for school year (SY) 2023, the highest level of state aid ever. This investment represents a year-to-year increase of $2.1 billion (7.1%) compared to SY 2022, including a $1.6 billion foundation aid increase and a $466 million increase in all other school aid programs.
√ Foundation aid: Foundation aid is the state's main education operating aid formula. It is focused on allocating state funds equitably to all school districts, especially high-need districts, based on student need, community wealth, and regional cost differences. The executive budget provides a $1.6 billion (8.1%) increase in foundation aid, supporting the second year of the three-year phase-in of full funding of the current foundation aid formula and ensuring each school district receives a minimum year-to-year increase of 3%.
√ The executive budget provides SUNY and CUNY with $106 million – $53 million each – to hire additional full-time faculty at both four-year colleges and community colleges. This investment will fund an estimated 880 additional full-time faculty – 340 at SUNY and 540 at CUNY – including support for CUNY's plan to convert adjuncts to full-time faculty.
Providing Tax Relief to Those Who Need It
•Accelerate the implementation of the middle-class tax cut: The eight-year phase-in of personal income tax cuts for middle-class taxpayers first began in tax year 2018 and is currently scheduled to be completed at the start of the 2025 tax year. The executive budget:
√ Accelerates tax relief to middle-class New Yorkers by providing the fully implemented reduced tax rates beginning in tax year 2023.
√ Provides relief to 6.1 million New Yorkers.
•Create a tax credit for small businesses' COVID-19-related expenses: To continue the state's support for our small businesses, the executive budget includes a new capped refundable tax relief program targeting COVID-19-related expenses for small businesses. The program provides:
√ Up to $250 million in additional relief to small businesses.
√ Eligible COVID-19-related capital investments include, but are not limited to, costs associated with expanding space to accommodate social distancing, HVAC equipment, expenses related to outdoor space expansions, as well as machinery and equipment to facilitate contactless sales.
•Provide small business tax relief: Small businesses were hit particularly hard by the pandemic downturn. The executive budget provides much-needed tax relief to these businesses by:
√ Increasing the small business subtraction modification from 5% to 15% of net business income or farm income; and
√ Expanding the benefit to include pass-through entities with less than $1.5 million NY-source gross income.
√ This proposal will aid 195,000 small businesses through one of the most challenging business climates in modern history.
•Provide a Homeowner Tax Rebate Credit: The executive budget creates a new property tax relief credit, the Homeowner Tax Rebate Credit, to eligible low- and middle-income households, as well as eligible senior households:
√ Basic STAR exemption and credit beneficiaries with incomes below $250,000 and Enhanced STAR recipients are eligible for the property tax rebate where the benefit is a percentage of the homeowners' existing STAR benefit.
√ This one-year program is, in general, an extension of the real Property Tax Relief Credit Program that expired after 2019, with benefits calculated as a percentage of a homeowner's STAR benefit. Additionally, homeowners in New York City will also be eligible for this credit.
√ Outside of New York City, the average benefit will be nearly $970, providing relief to more than 2 million property tax-paying households. The New York City average benefit will be about $425, with benefits reaching another 479,000 property tax-paying households.
√ For homeowners with income below $75,000, the statewide average credit is estimated at nearly $1,050, benefiting an estimated 837,800 recipients.
√ The benefit will be in the form of an advanced credit, instead of being claimed when tax returns are filed, thus getting benefits in the hands of New York homeowners more quickly. Credits will be an advance on tax year 2022 income tax returns, to be directly sent to eligible homeowners beginning in fall 2022.
Capital Plan and Infrastructure
The new five-year, $32.8 billion DOT capital plan will leverage federal funding commitments made in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act to support final phases of major infrastructure projects, including Hunts Point Interstate Access Improvement and the replacement of I-81 in Syracuse.
The new plan also supports new large-scale projects, including: modernizing the Livingston Avenue Bridge in Albany; reconnecting neighborhoods across the Kensington Expressway in Buffalo; converting Route 17 to I-86 in Orange and Sullivan counties; and assessing ways to improve road capacity at the Oakdale Merge in Suffolk County.
The five-year DOT capital plan also increases the existing BRIDGE-NY program by $1 billion, adds a new $1 billion “Operation Pave Our Potholes” program, and continues record commitments to funding local highway and bridge programs through the Consolidated Highway Improvement Program (CHIPS).
Building on $832 million in existing subsidies and $2.3 billion in federal child care resources, the budget includes new investments to support children, parents, and the child care industry.
•Increase eligibility for subsidies – The child care subsidy eligibility will be increased from up to 200% of the federal poverty level to up to 300% of the federal poverty level over three years. Fully phased in, more than $535 million annually will allow an additional 400,000 children to become newly eligible.
•Maintain access to child care providers – $125 million in funding annually is included to maintain child care subsidies when rates increase in 2022.
•Support child care workers – $75 million is invested in child care worker wages, an endorsement of the importance of their work.
Hochul is proposing a nearly billion-dollar plan focused on the state's small businesses, including targeted programs to address small business needs and ensure all types of small businesses prosper throughout the state. Key components of this plan include:
•Funding for small businesses of the future – Capital and venture debt awards to emerging small businesses in the innovation sector, including minority-and-women-owned companies often overlooked by venture investments.
•Seed funding for small business – A $200 million flexible grant program for early-stage businesses recently opened despite the COVID-19 pandemic.
•Small business lending initiative – Provide reduced interest rate and accessible loans to expanding small businesses.
SUNY and CUNY
•$1.5 billion for SUNY and CUNY: The executive budget will invest more than $300 million in SUNY and CUNY operations each year over the next five years. Hochul also will partner over the next year with SUNY, its individual institutions, and key stakeholders to develop a plan to implement her vision to transform SUNY into the top statewide system of public higher education in the country. The executive budget will help start this transformation with funding for new engineering buildings to help the University at Buffalo and Stony Brook University become SUNY's flagship institutions.
The executive budget will increase operating support to SUNY state-operated campuses and City University of New York (CUNY) senior colleges by fully reimbursing colleges for the $108.4 million cost of "Tuition Assistance Program (TAP) Gap" tuition credits, providing additional state support of $59.6 million to CUNY and $48.8 million to SUNY. The university systems will also receive an $18.6 million in additional operating revenue from executive budget legislation to raise the amount of state support that campuses receive for Excelsior Scholarship recipients, increasing operating support by $13.7 million to SUNY state-operated campuses, $2.8 million to CUNY senior colleges and $2.1 million to community colleges.
•Expand part-time students' access to TAP: The executive budget includes $150 million to expand TAP, which currently is largely unavailable for students studying part time, to cover students enrolled in six or more credits of study at a SUNY, CUNY, or not-for-profit independent college – an investment estimated to provide support to 75,000 additional New York students annually.
Energy and the Environment
•Clean Water, Clean Air, and Green Jobs Environmental Bond Act: The executive budget includes $4 billion for the landmark Clean Water, Clean Air, and Green Jobs Environmental Bond Act. This historic initiative will provide the support New York needs to restore critical environmental habitats; reduce flood risks; conserve additional lands and open spaces; protect and improve our water resources; and invest in climate change mitigation projects that will reduce pollution and lower carbon emissions. The Bond Act will also support a substantial investment in the Clean Green Schools initiative that will reach every public school located in a disadvantaged community.
•Offshore wind: The executive budget includes $500 million investment to develop the state's offshore wind supply chains and port infrastructure. This nation-leading initiative will create 2,000 jobs in a growing industry, while helping to make New York the offshore wind capital of the country for years to come.
•Launch a new five-year, $25 billion comprehensive housing plan. The executive budget advances a new $25 billion, five-year housing plan to create and preserve 100,000 affordable homes, including 10,000 homes with support services for vulnerable populations, and electrify an additional 50,000 homes as part of the state's plan to electrify 1 million homes and make another 1 million electrification-ready. Funding includes $5.7 billion in capital resources, $8.8 billion in state and federal tax credits and other federal allocations, $11 billion to support the operation of shelters and supportive housing units and to provide rental subsidies.
Combating Gun Violence
The executive budget includes $224 million to fund initiatives that will strengthen the gun violence prevention efforts of law enforcement and community-based organizations. Through these actions, we will work to restore New Yorkers' sense of safety and community. Some of these actions include:
√ Triple resources for crime gun-tracing efforts – The executive budget provides $350,000 in funding to triple the state's gun violence intelligence resources by staffing the New York State Intelligence Center (NYSIC) with a team of analysts necessary to process and investigate crime guns across the state.
√ Strengthen law enforcement partnerships – The executive budget provides $13.1 million to expand the use of community stabilization units that partner the most-experienced State Troopers with local law enforcement agencies to combat community-specific crime problems.
√ Expand the state's direct support to local law enforcement (GIVE) – The executive budget increases funding to $18.2 million for New York's nationally recognized Gun Involved Violence Elimination (GIVE) initiative, which supports local law enforcement efforts to stop the gun violence in New York. This investment will enable the launch of several new initiatives that will support law enforcement's ability to clear non-fatal shooting cases, engage in youth-centered community programming, and reduce recidivism for individuals under community supervision.
√ Triple investment in community-based gun violence response (SNUG) – The executive budget sustains last year's emergency increase in funding for New York's SNUG Outreach program and further expand support to combat the spike in gun crimes. This investment of $24.9 million will expand hospital-based and street outreach programs to touch all corners of the state. It will facilitate the piloting of several new initiatives, which provide wrap-around services for youth, job-readiness and work-placement training.
√ Respond to regional needs in the aftermath of gun violence – The executive budget includes $20 million in new funding to support the people and places that have been most impacted by the spike in gun violence. This will allow the deployment of innovative community empowerment and crime-reduction programming in high-need areas that will facilitate the repairing and rebuilding of regions victimized by crime involving guns.
Addressing Addiction and the Opioid Crisis
Under Hochul's leadership, the Office of Addiction Services and Supports (OASAS) will take significant steps to address the opioid crisis by improving access to addiction treatment services, removing barriers to treatment, developing new and innovative treatment models, and expanding the number of treatment facilities in communities around New York.
The executive budget provides an increase of $402 million (56%) in operating and capital support for OASAS to enhance prevention, treatment and recovery programs targeted toward addiction services, residential service opportunities, and primary prevention activities consistent with state opioid settlement agreements; and invests more than $100 million in new resources from the opioid stewardship tax, and litigation settlements with pharmaceutical manufacturers and distributors. Of these funds, $113 million will pass through the state to local municipalities, consistent with settlement agreements.
National Federation of Independent Business State Director Ashley Ranslow said, "NFIB applauds the governor’s proposal, which includes no new taxes or fees, provides targeted small business tax relief and tax credits, and accelerates the phase-in of middle-class tax cuts benefiting the majority of small businesses that pay taxes through personal income taxes.
“For almost two years now, small businesses have suffered immensely from the economic fallout of the pandemic with no end in sight. Historic labor shortages, rising inflation, supply chain disruptions, increased labor costs, and uncertainty continue to hammer small businesses, and they are in desperate need of additional relief. Small businesses are buckling under the weight of enormous unemployment insurance tax bills, which will continue for years without action from New York state.
“With record levels of federal aid and higher-than-anticipated revenue, the state must and should allocate billions to address New York’s outstanding UI debt. This is not a can that the state should kick down the road; otherwise, small businesses will pay the price in increased federal UI taxes and special assessments, on top of the highest possible state UI tax rates. NFIB looks forward to working with the governor, Senate and Assembly to tackle New York’s UI trust fund crisis."
New York State United Teachers President Andy Pallotta said, “With the state on solid financial footing, the ongoing needs of our pandemic-battered public schools, colleges and hospitals must be met this year. Gov. Hochul’s spending plan makes some important commitments toward meeting those needs, including a significant increase in aid for K-12 schools and sorely needed operating aid for SUNY and CUNY. We look forward to reviewing the executive budget in greater detail and ensuring the voices of our members are included in the conversation between now and April 1.”
New York State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli said, “Gov. Hochul introduced an executive budget proposal at a critical moment in our state’s history. As we continue our recovery, we are faced with many challenges, but the proposed budget sets forth the governor’s priorities to address them while also recognizing the importance of achieving and maintaining long-term structural budget balance.
“The governor announced significant funding increases for health care, infrastructure, affordable housing, and environmental projects, as well as support for vulnerable New Yorkers and continuation of the plan to fully fund school foundation aid. These are important objectives that will require careful balancing with other state and local funding needs and available resources, now and into the future. The governor’s commitment to building the state’s reserves is something I have called for repeatedly and is critical to planning for future unforeseen events.
“State revenue is running well ahead of projections, and the proposed budget includes significant federal aid to support our recovery. The state has the opportunity to provide needed relief to the many individuals, small businesses and sectors that are still struggling. We must make sure these funds are allocated effectively and properly used.
“My office will review all of the executive budget proposals and release a more detailed analysis soon.”
New York State Association of Counties President and Tioga County Chair Marte Sauerbrey said, “Counties are very encouraged to see that the budget makes significant progress in restoring local control over local taxes by making sales tax rates permanent and ending the misguided practice of intercepting local sales tax to pay for the state’s AIM program. Counties also applaud the inclusion of increased funding for local public health departments that have been on the front lines of the pandemic for nearly two years, as well as investments in local road and bridge programs, strengthening workforce development, expanding local veterans’ programs, and modernizing the vacation rental industry in our communities – all while making a commitment to use the state’s strong fiscal position to build reserves for the future.”
New York State County Executives Association President and Dutchess County Executive Marcus Molinaro said, “After one-sided, top-down governance from the state, counties began this year with an encouraging step toward creating a new partnership. The governor’s 2022-23 budget proposal addresses long-sought county priorities like providing permanency in local sales taxes, ending the diversion of local taxes to pay for the state’s AIM program, and making significant investments in public health, support for veterans and infrastructure. While there remain areas of concern, like the state continuing to confiscate local sales tax to support a distressed health facilities fund, there is lots of common ground to build on, and we look forward to engaging with the governor and state lawmakers in the coming months (to) create a budget that supports local governments and the residents we serve.”