Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced new regulations have been finalized to significantly reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons in New York and help prevent these climate-altering gases from affecting the state's environment and public health.
HFCs are a group of potent greenhouse gases found in an array of household and commercial refrigerant products like refrigerators, air conditioners and consumer aerosol products. The Department of Environmental Conservation regulations finalized here will adopt changes to the Significant New Alternatives Policy.
"As New York continues taking bold actions to fight climate change, we have leaders in the federal government who ignore proven science, deny that climate change even exists, and are gleefully rolling back efforts to protect our planet from harmful chemicals at every opportunity," Cuomo said. "With these nation-leading actions, New York will help drive manufacturers to adopt better, cleaner products, and pioneer clean energy solutions that not only protect our health and our precious natural resources, but also grow our economy."
"New York is leading the nation in our efforts to reduce greenhouse gases and ensure health and safety," Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul said. "During Climate Week, we are continuing to take important steps to combat climate change and protect our environment. At the same time, our clean energy initiatives are providing alternative energy options for businesses and residents that are more affordable and efficient. As we build back better from the pandemic, we are committed to advancing our ambitious energy goals to also build back cleaner and greener for future generations and the future of our planet."
The state's new adopted regulations complement a new $3 million initiative – New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's “Next Generation HVAC Innovation Challenge” – to bring new heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems for buildings. These actions also support the implementation of the state's Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act and put New York on the path to reducing greenhouse gas emissions 40% by 2030 on a path to economywide carbon neutrality. The announcement was made during the state's recognition of Climate Week 2020.
The regulations ban the sale, installation and commercial use of certain HFC refrigerants in new or retrofitted food refrigeration equipment, large air-conditioning equipment (or chillers), and vending machines, as well as prohibitions on substances used as aerosol propellants and foam-blowing agents in new consumer products. The prohibitions will take place over the next four years and are expected to reduce HFC emissions by more than 20% of projected levels by 2030, or a cumulative total of 17 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions.
New York's HFC standards will help to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement, as well as the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to reduce the use of HFCs as a substitute for ozone-depleting substances. The DEC developed the regulations in collaboration with partner states in the U.S. Climate Alliance, ensuring this action has the widest impact possible. After the federal government announced its intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement on climate change, New York joined with California and Washington State to form the U.S. Climate Alliance to uphold the goals of the agreement. The U.S. Climate Alliance has grown to include 25 governors representing the majority of the U.S. gross domestic product.
New York joins California and Colorado in finalizing regulations and about a dozen other states that have adopted laws or announced their intention to backstop the EPA program and require the reduction of these pollutants. They said addressing HFCs in these substantial markets will help drive industry to transition away from HFCs nationally and globally. In addition, American-based businesses that produce substitutes for HFCs will benefit from New York's leadership in taking this action.
The formal notice of adoption is being filed with the Department of State and is anticipated to appear in the Oct. 14 State Register. The rule will be effective 30 days after filing.
DEC Commissioner and Climate Action Council Co-Chair Basil Seggos said, "Gov. Cuomo directed DEC to act on hydroflourocarbons in 2018 because he understands failing to reduce the long-term effects these high-intensity pollutants will hold back New York's progress to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the causes of climate change. Adopting these standards demonstrates New York's ongoing leadership in creating a cleaner, more sustainable future."
‘Next Generation HVAC Innovation Challenge’
As part of NYSERDA's multiround “Next Generation Innovation Challenge,” the $3 million available funding will be used to spur development and adoption of new refrigerants that have a less damaging effect on the environment than their current counterparts. The challenge supports clean energy companies that want to develop, commercialize and demonstrate new technologies that improve the performance of advanced HVAC systems and create new economically viable opportunities for energy efficiency in buildings.
This funding will be offered through a competitive solicitation process to develop advanced refrigerant monitoring and leak detection solutions, new compressor technologies, in-field leak repair solutions, demonstration and evaluation of emerging technologies, refrigerant capture and recycling, industry collaboration on training, market awareness and product requirements and overall development of low climate change refrigerants.
A press release said, “Buildings account for 45% of greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion and electric generation in New York. The unpreventable leaking of refrigerants used in today's air conditioners, heat pumps and refrigeration systems have a high potential to accelerate climate change even further, in some cases 1,000 to 2,000 times more than carbon dioxide. As the use of heat pumps and refrigeration increases, so will the need for more environmentally friendly refrigerants. While low climate change refrigerant options exist, their flammability, toxicity or performance have prevented them from being widely adopted, leaving a gap in the services and technology to bring these alternatives to scale.”
The “Next Generation HVAC Innovation Challenge” is part of New York's approach to build a strong foundation for a carbon-neutral building stock and energy-efficiency activities economywide. This initiative will help make electrification solutions like heat pumps more environmentally friendly and cost-effective, accelerating the adoption of these non-fossil fuel heating and cooling solutions for communities across New York. By fostering innovation to deliver enhanced energy efficiency solutions, New York will cut emissions by cost-effectively reducing electricity and fuel demand in buildings across the state.
In total, $15 million has been made available through four rounds of the challenge to encourage private investment and advance the next generation of HVAC systems for buildings. Through NYSERDA and utility programs, New York is investing over $6.8 billion to decarbonize buildings across the state.
Doreen Harris, acting president and CEO, NYSERDA, said, "The lack of widespread availability for environmentally friendly refrigerants presents a significant and impactful gap in the market that must be addressed in order to win the fight on climate change. The ‘Next Generation HVAC Challenge’ is about changing the market as we seek to limit HFCs in our environment, and the way we think about cooling and heating our buildings, which will allow us to make significant progress towards Gov. Cuomo's ambitious climate goals."
Applications for the challenge are due on Nov. 17, with awards anticipated in the first quarter of 2021. For more information about this funding or to see if which companies qualify, visit https://portal.nyserda.ny.gov/CORE_Solicitation_Detail_Page?SolicitationId=a0rt0000006nDncAAE.
New York State's Nation-Leading Climate Plan
Phasing down the use of HFCs is a critical component of Cuomo's nation-leading climate agenda, the most aggressive climate and clean energy initiative in the nation, calling for an orderly and just transition to clean energy that creates jobs and continues fostering a green economy as New York recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic. Enshrined into law through the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, New York is on a path to achieving its mandated goal of a zero emissions electricity sector by 2040, including 70% renewable energy generation by 2030, and to reach economywide carbon neutrality. It builds on New York's ramp-up of clean energy including a $3.9 billion investment in 67 large-scale renewable projects across the state, the creation of more than 150,000 jobs in New York's clean energy sector, a commitment to develop 9,000 megawatts of offshore wind by 2035, and 1,800% growth in the distributed solar sector since 2011. Under Cuomo's leadership, New York will build on this progress and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 85% from 1990 levels by 2050, while ensuring that at least 35% with a goal of 40% of the benefits of clean energy investments benefit disadvantaged communities, and advancing progress toward the state's 2025 energy-efficiency target of reducing on-site energy consumption by 185 TBtus.